The Broader Picture of the Dzatiyah Concept IX

Published on November 9th, 2009 — 12:00am

8.              Moreover, all existence including time and space belong to Allah absolutely. Such being the case, He has every right to do whatsoever He wishes to His belongings.

And whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth is Allah’s. [27]


Which then of the bounties of your Lord will you deny? [28]


Which of your Lord’s benefits will you then dispute about? [29]


No one shares  anything in His possession.[30]


 In this connection Prophet Jesus had said to the effect:

All things created belong to the Creator in such wise that nothing can lay claim to anything. Thus soul, flesh, time, goods and honour, all are God’s possessions so that if a man receives them not as God wills he is likewise a robber. And in like manner, if he spends them contrary to that which God wills he is likewise a robber.[31]


9.              Since His Infinitesimal Essence is “The Manifest and The Hidden” of all creations, Imam Ghazali concluded:

If you know yourself and you know your God then you know you did not exist. [32]


10.              Allah is All-Wisest and All-Knowing hence it is totally impossible and improbable that He could have omitted or made any mistake in His Divine Plan.


We have not neglected anything in the Book.[33]


There does not lie concealed from your Lord the weight of an atom in the earth or in the heaven, nor any thing less than that nor greater, but it is in a clear book. [34]


11.              Because Allah is The All-Wisest, His Divine Plan is complete and perfect with nothing is amiss and so too is our Predestination.

Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of all things before their creation, as written in the Book of Decrees Loh Mahfûz). [35]


He has created everything, and has measured it exactly according to its due measurements. [36]


And no living creature on earth but its provision is due from Allâh. And He knows its dwelling place and its deposit (in the uterus, grave). all is in a Clear Book (Loh Mahfûz – the Book of Decrees with Allâh). [37]

Surely that is easy to Allah.[38]


Allah is He on Whom all depend. [39]


To show that His Divine Plan is complete and perfect, He even depicted to us in the Quran the conversations of the dwellers of Paradise and Hell. These events have yet to come since Armageddon, Resurrection and Day of Judgment have yet to happen.


He will say: Enter into fire among the nations that have passed away before you from among jinn and men; whenever a nation shall enter, it shall curse its sister, until when they have all come up with one another into it; the last of them shall say with regard to the foremost of them, “Our Lord! these led us astray therefore give them a double chastisement of the fire.” He will say, “Every one shall have double but you do not know.” [40]


And convey good news to those who believe and do good deeds, that they shall have gardens in which rivers flow; whenever they shall be given a portion of the fruit thereof, they shall say, “This is what was given to us before;” and they shall be given the like of it, and they shall have pure mates in them, and in them, they shall abide. [41]


12.              Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) had said that if we believe that His Divine Plan (including our Predestination) can be varied than our place shall be in Hell.

You must understand that if calamity must befall you, you cannot delude it. Similarly if it does not than it would not happen. If your belief is otherwise than this then your place shall be in Hell.[42]

13.              Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) had said that if we do not accept Predestination then all our alms and charitable deeds will be rejected by Allah. It will also invite Satan to lead us astray.

Even you give in charity gold as high as Mount Uhud, it will be rejected as long as you do not believe in Predestination.[43]


If a mishap happened, do not say that it can be avoided if you do this way or that way as this will invite Satan to lead you astray.[44]


The deceptions of Satans are weak and ineffective to those who wholeheartedly surrender to Allah’s Will.

No authority has he over those who believe and put their trust in their Lord. [45]


And if anyone puts his trust in Allah, sufficient is (Allah) for him.[46]

He (Satan) said: My Lord! because Thou hast made life evil to me, I will certainly make (evil) fair-seeming to them on earth, and I will certainly cause them all to deviate except Thy servants from among them, the devoted ones. [47]


Surely the strategy of the Satan is weak.[48]

Thus Allah commanded us to submit to His Will wholeheartedly and that is “Islam”.

O you who believe! enter into submission one and all and do not follow the footsteps of Satan; surely he is your open enemy.[49]

And whoever submits himself wholly to Allah and he is the doer of good (to others), he indeed has taken hold of the firmest thing upon which one can lay hold.[50]

Hence our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was commanded to be the first to surrender wholeheartedly to the Will of Allah.

And I am commanded that I shall be the first of those who submit. [51]

Similarly, we, the believers, are also commanded by Allah to surrender to His Will wholeheartedly.

Say: Surely the guidance of Allah, that is the (true) guidance, and we are commanded that we should submit to the Lord of the worlds.[52]

And who has a better religion than he who submits himself entirely to Allah? [53]

We are commanded by Allah to say, in the event of any hardship or calamity, “From Allah we came and to Him we shall return”. In this way, we are affirming our act of surrender to His Will. Such being the case, we shall receive His blessing.

Who say, when afflicted with calamity: “To Allah We belong, and to Him is our return”. They are those on whom (descend) blessings from their Lord, and Mercy, and they are the ones that receive guidance. [54]

Prophet Ibrahim too surrendered to the Will of Allah wholeheartedly. In this connection, Allah had commanded to the effect:

Abraham was not a Jew nor yet a Christian; but he was true in Faith, and bowed his will to Allah’s, and he joined not gods with Allah. [55]

The Bibliography

[27] Ali Imran (3):109, 129; Al Baqarah (2):255; 284.

[28] Ar Rahman(55):13;16;18;21;23;25;28;30;32;34;36;38;40;42;45;47;49;51;53;55;57;59;61;63;65;67;69;71;73;75;77

[29] An Najm (53):55.

[30] Syeikh Abdul Qadir Al Jilani, Futuh al Ghaib (English Translation), 166 (1986)

[31] Gospel of Barnabas, 98 (?).

[32] Imam Ghazali, Ihya Ulumiddin Bk. 7, 427 (1981).

[33] Al Anaam (6):38.

[34] Yunus (10):61; Al Qamar (54):52-53.

[35] Al Qamar (54):49

[36] Al Furqan (25):2

[37] Hud (11):6

[38] Al Hadid (57):22

[39] Al Ikhlas (112):2

[40] Al Araaf (7):38.

[41] Al Baqarah (2):25.

[42] Terjemahan Sunan Ibnu Majah Bk. 1, 65 (1992).

[43] Terjemahan  Sahih  Muslim Jilid 1, 4 (1994).

[44] Terjemahan Sunan Ibnu Majah Bk 1, 67 (1992).

[45] An Nahl (16):99.

[46] At Talaq (65):3

[47] Al Hijr(15):39-40.

[48] An Nisa (4):76

[49] Al Baqarah (2):208

[50] Luqman (31):22

[51] Az Zumar (39):12.

[52] An An’aam(6):71.

[53] An Nisa(4):125.

[54] Al Baqarah (2):156-157.

[55] Ali Imran (3):67.

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